The Tajik people came under
Russian rule in the 1860s and 1870s, but
Russia’s hold on Central Asia weakened following the Revolution of
1917. Bolshevik control of the area was fiercely contested and not
fully reestablished until 1925. Much of present-day Sughd province was
transferred from the Uzbek SSR to the newly formed Tajik SSR in 1929.
Ethnic Uzbeks form a substantial minority in Tajikistan. Tajikistan
became independent in 1991 following the breakup of the Soviet Union,
and experienced a civil war between regional factions from 1992-97.
Tajikistan experienced several domestic security incidents in 2010-12,
including a mass prison-break from a Dushanbe detention facility, the
country’s first suicide car bombing in Khujand, and armed conflict
between government forces and local strongmen in the Rasht Valley and
government forces and criminal groups in Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous
Oblast. The country remains the poorest in the former Soviet sphere.
Attention by the international community since the beginning of the
NATO intervention in Afghanistan has brought increased economic and
security assistance, which could create jobs and strengthen stability
in the long term. Tajikistan joined NATO’s Partnership for Peace in
2002, and became a member of the World Trade Organization in March 2013.
Location – Central Asia, west
of China, south of Kyrgyzstan