Autonomy for the Swazis of
southern Africa was guaranteed by the
British in the late 19th century; independence was granted in 1968.
Student and labor unrest during the 1990s pressured King MSWATI III,
Africa’s last absolute monarch, to grudgingly allow political reform
and greater democracy, although he has backslid on these promises in
recent years. A constitution came into effect in 2006, but the legal
status of political parties remains unclear. The African United
Democratic Party tried unsuccessfully to register as an official
political party in mid 2006. Talks over the constitution broke down
between the government and progressive groups in 2007. eSwatini
recently surpassed Botswana as the country with the world’s highest
known HIV/AIDS prevalence rate.
Location – Southern Africa,
between Mozambique and South Africa