A lengthy struggle between France and Great Britain for the
ended in 1814, when they were ceded to the latter. Independence came in
1976. Socialist rule was brought to a close with a new constitution and
free elections in 1993. President France-Albert RENE, who had served
since 1977, was re-elected in 2001, but stepped down in 2004. Vice
President James MICHEL took over the presidency and in July 2006 was
elected to a new five-year term; he was reelected in May 2011.
Location – archipelago in the Indian Ocean, northeast of