Founded in 963, Luxembourg
became a grand duchy in 1815 and an
independent state under the Netherlands. It lost more than half of its
territory to Belgium in 1839 but gained a larger measure of autonomy.
Full independence was attained in 1867. Overrun by Germany in both
world wars, it ended its neutrality in 1948 when it entered into the
Benelux Customs Union and when it joined NATO the following year. In
1957, Luxembourg became one of the six founding countries of the
European Economic Community (later the European Union), and in 1999 it
joined the euro currency area.
Location – Western Europe,
between France and Germany